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Force and Motion Activities:
Activities:



1.P.1.1 Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object.






1.P.1.2 Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets.






1.P.1.3 Predict the effect of a given force on the motion of an object, including balanced forces.








Science Kit Activities:


STRAND: FORCE AND MOTION GRADE: 1st
Essential Standard:
1.P.1 Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object.
Clarifying Objective:
1.P.1.1 Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object.
1.P.1.2 Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets.
1.P.1.3 Predict the effect of a given force on the motion of an object, including balanced forces.
Activity
Materials
1.P.1.1 Observe how objects move: How can I demonstrate types of force using touch? Stations: Place one type of toy at each station. Then allow students to work in groups for 2 minutes at each station to explore how that object can move. Station 1: Aluminum Pan with water and boat. Station 2: Toy Cars, Station 3: Toy trucks, Station 4: rubber bouncy balls, Station 5: Magnetic Car with magnet.
(1) Aluminum Pan
Toy Boats
Toy Cars
Toy Trucks
Rubber balls
Magnets
Magnetic cars
1.P.1.1 How can I change the speed and direction of an object in motion? Students will use a ramp with one book propping it up and roll a marble down it. When the marble stops students will then use a red chip to mark the distance. The students will then change the height by adding two books/blocks of the same size under the ramp and roll the marble down the ramp again. Finally, they will use three books of the same size and roll the marble down the ramp and mark how far it rolls. When they are done they can compare the distances from 1, 2 and 3 books. How did the distance change?
Ramps or poster board
Marbles
Red Chips (for markers)
3 books or blocks
1.P.1.2How can objects move without touching them: Balloon Rockets: (whole group activity) Have one student hold one end of the cotton string. Then unroll a long enough piece of string to go across the classroom. Then the teacher can blow up a balloon. Another student can hold the 3inch piece of straw on the balloon while another student tapes it on according to the picture on the right. Once the straw is taped on to the balloon. Then thread the string through the straw as shown in the picture. 3,2,1 blast off! What happen to the balloon? Why was it able to travel even though we did not push or pull it along the string?
Balloons
String (general item box)
Straw (general item box)
Masking Tape
1.P.1.2Can I demonstrate how magnets repel and attract objects? Each student gets a magnet and a then one bag of items per group. Which of the following items do you think a magnet will stick to, and why? What will move to a magnet? Lesson on pg. F 27in the 1st grade McMillan McGraw Hill textbook.
Bar Magnets
Assorted items bags –Magnetic and non Magnetic
1.P.1.3 Balance, Balance, Balance Activity: Each group member cuts out at least one unusual shape from the construction paper. (If there are less than six students in the group, decide which shapes should be duplicated to give a total of six shapes.)
Students will pull one piece of string through each straw. Attach the shape to one end of the string with tape. Attach the other end of the string to the clothes hanger. Students discuss and decide how the shapes and straws are to be arranged on the mobile so that it balances. Students draw a picture of the arrangement in their science notebooks. Encourage them to make any necessary modifications to balance their mobile. Provide an explanation of why or why it did not work.
Construction Paper
String
Straw
Tape
How can I show the unseen force of magnets?
Before doing the lesson the teacher will prepare the Petri dishes by placing a circle of white paper in the bottom of the Petri dish and sprinkling iron filings on top of it. Then the teacher will place the top on and tape the Petri closed. Students will then work in groups to see the magnetic field around the magnet by placing the Petri dish on top of the magnet. After student record what they see in their notebooks they can then pick the magnet up and move the magnet around to see how the magnet affects the iron filings.
White paper
Petri Dish
Iron Filings
Magnets
Tape


Technology Connections- Discovery Education and sites below

Force and Motion
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/5_6/pushes_pulls.shtml
http://classroom.jc-schools.net/sci-units/force.htm#
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